The European calculator: How can Europe become carbon neutral?
What measures need to be put in place in order to decarbonise Europe, at a pace in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement, in the relevant sectors, with the appropriate levers for action?
The challenge of prioritizing levers of action to decarbonize Europe
Europe wants to be carbon neutral in line with the objectives of the Paris agreement. However, understanding what are the most appropriate levers for action can be challenging especially due to the complexity of energy systems.
Closing the gap with the European Calculator
The European Calculator tool addresses this challenge to help policy makers and other stakeholders to make the right decisions.
Climact developed the modelling solution for the European Commission between 2016 and 2020 with a process that included Intense stakeholders’ consultation to validate and advise on specific aspects, mostly technical and scientific, of the different components.
The European Calculator provides decision makers with a highly accessible, scientific, user-friendly, dynamic modelling solution to quantify the sectoral energy demand, greenhouse gas (GHG) trajectories and social implications of lifestyles and energy technology choices in Europe from today to 2050.
The calculator covers the EU 28 member states and Switzerland, for different sectors (buildings, transport, industries, agriculture and power).
How it works in practice
The tool relates emission reduction with human lifestyles, the exploitation and/or conservation of natural resources, job creation, energy production, agriculture, costs, etc. in one highly integrative approach and tool.
This enables politicians, innovators and investors to create their own pathways online, in real-time and to visualise how compliant these pathways are with the European mitigation targets set for different sectors.
For instance, by choosing the “Travel, transport, and power” scenario, the user will see the potential evolution of emissions when maximum ambition in decarbonizing the Transport sector is undertaken (including changes in travel distance, mode and occupancy rates, improved technology and fuels, and shift to higher efficiencies and changes in the fuel mix). This visualization can be done for each sector and even be customized in details.
The Commission rated the project as “exceptional results with significant immediate impact; the level of detail and granularity that has been implemented in the calculator is remarkable; key choices on lifestyles and consumption are a big step forward compared to more technical and detailed modelling tools available so far”.Share